Emergency preparedness is the steps taken to ensure safety before, during and after an emergency or natural disaster.

Why Prepare?

These plans are important for people’s safety in both natural disasters and man-made disasters. Examples of natural disasters are floods, blizzards, tornadoes and earthquakes. Man-made disasters can include explosions, fires, chemical and biological attacks.

Emergency Preparedness helps in dealing with and avoiding both natural and man-made disasters. It involves mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery in order to lessen the impact of disasters.

emergency preparedness

Lack of preparedness during disasters can threaten national security and particularly degrade the resilience of a community in terms of treat that contribute to vulnerability.

It should also be noted that disasters create emergencies but not all emergencies are disasters.

Emergency management requires a partnership among all levels of government (local, State, and Federal) and the private sector (business and industry, voluntary organizations, and the public).

Successful preparedness requires detailed planning and cooperation among each sector. Emergency preparedness ranges from the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) developing an all inclusive plan to mitigate natural disasters to the individual to the level of ensuring their car has plenty of fuel for a possible evacuation and that the access road to leaving the scene of incident is free.

Emergency is any unplanned event that can cause deaths or significant injuries to students, employees, customers or the public; or that can disrupt operations, cause physical or environmental damage, or threaten the facility’s financial standing or public image.

Preparedness on the other hand is the continuous cycle of planning, managing, organizing, training, equipping, exercising, creating, monitoring, evaluating and improving activities to ensure effective coordination and the enhancement of capabilities of concerned organizations to prevent, protect against, respond to, recover from, create resources and mitigate the effects of natural disasters, acts of terrorism, and other man-made disasters.


Recovery is the ability to return to a state of normal function with minimal suffering and disruption of services following a disaster. Disaster and financial assistance are examples of recovery that aids individuals and communities. Recovery assistance can be provided at local, state, federal, or private sector levels. The recovery phase takes place following a disaster.

The aim of recovery is to restore the affected area to its previous state. It differs from response in its focus; recovery efforts are concerned with issues and decisions that must be made after immediate needs are addressed. Recovery efforts are primarily concerned with actions that involve rebuilding destroyed property, re-employment, and the repair of other essential infrastructure. Efforts should be made to “build back better”, with a goal to reduce risks inherent in the community and infrastructure.


Being prepared can reduce fear, anxiety, and losses that accompany disasters. Communities, families, and individuals should know what to do;

  1. Concentrations of vulnerable residents whether they are lower-income residents without vehicles, senior citizens, disabled people, or other groups present special challenges in emergency response and evacuation.
  2. How quickly your community can get back to business after a disaster, either natural or man-made often depends on emergency planning done today.
  3. A commitment to planning today will help support the community, the local economy and even the country. It also protects business investment.
  4. Minimizing of financial impact.
  5. Vital record and information assets preservation.
  6. Reduce the chances of death.


  1. Disasters disrupt hundreds of thousands of lives each year. Each disaster has lasting effects, both to people and property.
  2. If a disaster occurs in your community, local government, disaster-relief organizations will try to help you, but you need to be ready as well. Local responders may not be able to reach you immediately, or they may need to focus their efforts elsewhere.
  3. However, putting a plan in motion will improve the likelihood that you will survive and recover.
  4. The main issue identified was the struggle emergency managers had communicating with other, utility companies, and the media.


I choose to write about emergency preparedness today cos of the many disasters happening around the world. It is pertinent that every government, business and house-hold takes note of these preparedness plan to reduce sudden death and casualties that might emanate from disasters.

Note: Disasters do not inform you before occurring.

Always share articles from The Total Entrepreneurs as you will be saving life somewhere/somehow.

Also read: The Major Causes of Business Failure

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Francis Nwokike

Francis is a Passionate Social Entrepreneur. Love discussing new trends in Business and Marketing. A Startup consultant. A good listener. Love to help that your business grow.

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